小站备考
托福
托福词汇

irrigation

TPO词频:21次
ir进入
rig雨,水
ation表名词
雨进入→灌溉

[ˈɪrəˌgeɪʃən]


【释义】

基本释义 n. 灌溉

常考释义 n.灌溉

【变形】

复数:irrigations    

n. 灌溉

【语块】

drip irrigation

irrigation canal

【TPO例句】

1. Productivity in agriculture was also improved by capital investments, first of all in irrigation. (TPO48-P1)

资本的投入也提高了农业生产力,首先是灌溉方面。

2. The increase in food production in these regions led to a significant growth in population, while efforts to control the flow of water to maximize the irrigation of cultivated areas and to protect the local inhabitants from hostile forces outside the community provoked the first steps toward cooperative activities on a large scale. (TPO33-P1)

这些地区食物产量的增长导致了人口的激增。与此同时,为了努力控制水流来最大化灌溉耕种区域和保护当地居民免受部落外部敌对力量的侵袭,第一步的大规模合作活动被引发了。

3. No one knows exactly when the waterwheel was invented, but irrigation systems existed at least 5,000 years ago, and it seems probable that the earliest waterpower device was the noria, a waterwheel that raised water for irrigation in attached jars. (TPO29-P3)

无法知晓水轮是什么时候发明的,但灌溉系统至少在五千年前就已存在,最早的水力设施很可能是戽水车,一种通过附带的瓦罐将水举起以便灌溉的水轮。

4. But this isn’t a long paper, so are you going to need to pick a specific area of pre-modern agriculture, like irrigation or food crops of ancient Greece. (TPO27-C2)

但是,这并不是一个很长的论文,你是否打算在前现代农业中挑一个特定的领域,如古希腊的灌溉和食用作物。

5. It was this that made the organization of irrigation, particularly the building of canals to channel and preserve the water, essential. (TPO26-P3)

这就使得灌溉系统的规划至关重要,特别是(如何)建造水渠以疏导和保存水资源。

6. To start with, it forced the population to abandon the nomad's life and became sedentary, to develop methods of storage and, often, systems of irrigation.(TPO21-P2)

首先,它会迫使人们放弃游牧生活并定居下来,发明贮存方法和通常所需的灌溉系统。

7. This is useful for irrigation, but the high temperatures, low humidities, and different day lengths of the dry season, compared to the normal growing season, can present difficulties with some crops.(TPO12-P3)

这虽然利于灌溉,但是高温度、低湿度,加上旱季独特的昼长,相比正常生长季节依然很难种植一些农作物。

8. Among the main factors are Teotihuacán’s geographic location on a natural trade route to the south and east of the Valley of Mexico, the obsidian resources in the Teotihuacán Valley itself, and the valley’s potential for extensive irrigation. (TPO8-P1)

其中最主要的原因就是特奥蒂瓦坎地处联通墨西哥峡谷南部和东部的自然形成的通商线路中,特奥蒂瓦坎峡谷本身拥有的黑曜石资源,还有特奥蒂瓦坎峡谷大面积灌溉的潜能。

9. The picture of Teotihuacán that emerges is a classic picture of positive feedback among obsidian mining and working, trade, population growth, irrigation, and religious tourism. (TPO8-P1)

那展现出来的特奥蒂瓦坎的生活图景是一种经典的在黑曜岩开采和交易,人口的增长,灌溉的扩张,还有宗教旅游业之间的良性反馈。

10. More irrigation works would have to be built to feed the growing population, and this resulted in more power and wealth for the elite.(TPO8-P1)

于是就不得不建成更多的灌溉工事以给养增长的人口,而这又会导致精英们力量和财富的增加。

11. This scenario begins with the planting of hyper accumulating species in the target area, such as an abandoned mine or an irrigation pond contaminated by runoff. (TPO5-P1)

这套方案首先从在目标区域种植超积累物种开始,如在废弃矿井和被径流污染的灌溉池塘。

12. The ensuing rapid expansion of irrigation agriculture, especially from the 1950s onward, transformed the economy of the region. (TPO3-P2)

灌溉农业的迅速扩张,特别是20世纪50年代之后,改变了这一地区的经济。

13. Modern irrigation devices, each capable of spraying 4.5 million liters of water a day, have produced a landscape dominated by geometric patterns of circular green islands of crops. (TPO3-P2)

日喷水量达到450万升的现代灌溉设备,形成了一个圆形绿岛作物为主的景观。

14. Whatever the final answer to the water crisis may be, it is evident that within the High Plains, irrigation water will never again be the abundant, inexpensive resource it was during the agricultural boom years of the mid-twentieth century.(TPO3-P2)

无论这次水资源危机的最终结果如何,显然,北美大平原地区灌溉水资源再也不会像20世纪中期农业繁荣时期的那样充足并且廉价了。

15. Excess water from irrigation sinks down into the water table. (TPO2-P1)

灌溉多余的水渗透到地下水位。

n. 冲洗(法);灌注

【语块】

colonic irrigation

n. 滋养