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托福词汇

succession

TPO词频:27次
suc随后
cess行走
ion表名词
随后跟上→连续

[sək'sɛʃən]


【释义】

基本释义 n. 连续

常考释义 n.连续

【变形】

复数:successions    

n. 连续

【语块】

in succession

【TPO例句】

1. Cuneiform writing lasted for some 3,000 years, in a vast line of succession that ran through Sumer, Akkad, Assyria, Nineveh, and Babylon, and preserved for us fifteen languages in an area represented by modern-day Iraq, Syria, and western Iran.(TPO39-P1)

楔形文字持续了三千年的时间,跨越了苏美尔、古巴比伦阿卡德区、亚述帝国、尼尼微城、巴比伦,在现如今的伊拉克、叙利亚和伊朗西部地区保存下来15种语言。

2. Considering that seasonal succession is most often and clearly seen in temperate seas, which have a marked change in temperature during a year, temperature has been suggested as a cause.(TPO35-P3)

如果我们认为季节性更替在温带海洋(在这里气候全年里有显著变化)里更可能出现、更明显地可以被观察到的话,那么温度就应该是原因之一。

3. These vitamins are produced only by another species: hence, a succession of species could occur whereby first the vitamin-producing species is present and then the vitamin-requiring species follows.(TPO35-P3)

这些维生素只能被其他物种产生:因此,当第一种产生维生素的物种出现,其他需求这种维生素的物种相继出现,浮游生物的物种更替就开始了。

4. Although it is suspected that these organic metabolites may have an important role in species succession and it has been demonstrated in the laboratory that phytoplankton species vary both in their ability to produce necessary vitamins and in their requirements for such in order to grow, evidence is still inadequate as to their real role in the sea.(TPO35-P3)

尽管我们怀疑这些新陈代谢有机物可能在物种更替中起到重要作用,而且实验也证明不同种类的浮游生物在产生必须维他命的能力和对维他命的需求上是有差异的。它们在海里所起的真正作用还需要更多证据来确定。

5. A growing body of evidence now suggests that all of the factors considered here are operating simultaneously to produce species succession.(TPO35-P3)

越来越多的证据表明,这里所考虑到的所有因素都在同时作用,导致物种的更替。

6.  This change in the dominant species from season to season is called seasonal succession, and it occurs m a wide variety of locations.(TPO35-P3)

除了每年里浮游生物数量的明显变化,它们的种类组成也有显著改变。

7. Darwin s theory was that the succession from one coral reef type to another could be achieved by the upward growth of coral from a sinking platform, and that there would be a progression from a fringing reef, through the barrier reef stage until, with the disappearance through subsidence (sinking) of the central island, only a reef-enclosed lagoon or atoll would survive. (TPO47-P3)

达尔文的理论是:一种珊瑚礁类型可以演替为另一种类型,首先珊瑚会从一个正在下沉的平面上向上生长,岸礁就演变到堡礁阶段,堡礁阶段由于中央岛全部沉入海里,只剩下珊瑚环绕的泻湖或环礁留存下来。

8. Based on their findings, they identified a succession of phases of agricultural development in the wetlands there, with several of these phases predating the earliest known agricultural influence from Southeast Asia. (TPO44-L3)

根据他们的研究结果,他们识别出了Kuk沼泽地农业发展的一系列阶段,而且其中几个阶段发生在新几内亚的农业受到东南亚最早的影响之前。

9. The Peisistratids, as the succession of tyrants were called (after the founder of the dynasty, Peisistratos), strengthened Athenian central administration at the expense of the aristocracy by appointing judges throughout the region, producing Athens’ first national coinage, and adding and embellishing festivals that tended to focus attention on Athens rather than on local villages of the surrounding region. (TPO40-P1)

庇西特拉替德,作为铁腕人物的继承者(由王朝创始人庇西特拉图而来),不惜牺牲雅典贵族的权利,加强了中央政府管理,在所有地区任命法官,创建雅典第一套国家货币制度,并且对于关注雅典,而非周边地区当地村庄的节日,增加数量并且注重装饰。

10. Species succession in plant communities, i.e., the temporal sequence of appearance and disappearance of species is dependent on events occurring at different stages in the life history of a species. (TPO32-P1)

植物群落里的物种演替,意思就是说,物种出现和消失的时间顺序是依赖于在一个物种的生存史中发生在不同阶段的事件。

11. Variation in rates of invasion and growth plays an important role in determining patterns of succession, especially secondary succession. (TPO32-P1)

入侵和生长比率的变化在决定演替模式中扮演着一个重要角色,尤其是在次级演替中。

12. In the early twentieth century, the American ecologist Frederic Clements pointed out that a succession of plant communities would develop after a disturbance such as a volcanic eruption, heavy flood, or forest fire. (TPO19-P2)

在20世纪早期,美国生态学家弗雷德里克•克莱门茨指出植物群落会在一个大变动(比如火山爆发、泥石流或者森林大火)之后发生演变。

13. An abandoned field, for instance, will be invaded successively by herbaceous plants (plants with little or no woody tissue), shrubs, and trees, eventually becoming a forest. Light-loving species are always among the first invaders, while shade-tolerant species appear later in the succession.(TPO19-P2)

比如一块废弃的土地,就会接连受到草类植物(那些没有或只有很少木质结构的植物)、灌木和树木的入侵,最终形成一片森林。

14. Clements and other early ecologists saw almost lawlike regularity in the order of succession, but that has not been substantiated. (TPO19-P2)

克莱门茨和其他早期的生态学家从演变的顺序中看到了类似定律的规律性,但这个规律性还没有得到证实。

15. Succession is influenced by many factors: the nature of the soil, exposure to sun and wind, regularity of precipitation, chance colonizations, and many other random processes.(TPO19-P2)

演变受很多因素影响:土壤状况,曝光和曝风,降水规律,意外殖民和其他随机过程。

16. The final stage of a succession, called the climax by Clements and early ecologists, is likewise not predictable or of uniform composition. (TPO19-P2)

演变的最后阶段被克莱门茨和早期生态学家称为顶级群落,它同样不可预测,组成也不单一。

17. The nature of the climax is influenced by the same factors that influenced succession. (TPO19-P2)

顶级群落本质上同样受到那些影响演变的因素的影响。

18. Soon it was realized that this principle of faunal (animal) succession was  valid not only in England or France but virtually everywhere. (TPO6-P2)

很快人们就开始认识到,这种动物物种的延续性是符合逻辑的,不仅仅是在英国、法国,而实际上在全世界范围都是适用的。

n. 继位;继承权

【语块】

succession planning

n. [生态] 演替