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雅思
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abandon

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a ban don
处于...状态

a = a(处于...状态) = 着火的

alight = a(处于...状态) + light(光亮) = 处于光亮的状态→明亮的

+ 禁止

ban = ban(禁止) =

+ 给予

donate = don(给予) + ate(表动词) = 给出去→赠予

donation = don(给予) + ation(表名词) = 给的东西→捐赠,赠送

不禁止给出去→放弃

考点解读
  • 托福
  • 雅思
  • 剑雅词频:13

    abandon

    常考释义

    • vt.中止;放弃
    变形词
    • 过去式 abandoned
    • 过去分词 abandoned
    • 现在分词 abandoning
    • 第三人称单数 abandons
    雅思常考例句

    By custom, Pachacuti's descendants built other similar estates for their own use, and so Machu Picchu would have been abandoned after his death, some 50 years before the Spanish Conquest.

    按照惯例,帕查库蒂的后代建造了其他相似的庄园以供自己使用,因此在帕查库蒂去世后,马丘比丘就会被遗弃,这是在西班牙征服前50年的事情了。

    来源于:剑雅12-TEST6
单词详解
  • 英汉双解
  • 词组搭配
  • 同反义词
    • vt. 中止;放弃

      展开
      简明例句

      He abandoned his studies after two years.

      他两年后放弃了学业。

      Police have abandoned the search for the body.

      警方已放弃搜寻尸体。

      展开更多
      情景例句

      Stand down, we are not abandoning anything.

      下去吧, 我们没放弃任何东西。

      来自《深空失忆》

      图片源自网络

      展开更多
      雅思考试例句

      Nevertheless, a good number of thoroughgoing land animals later turned 1, abandoned their hard-earned terrestrial re-tooling, and returned to the water again.

      然而,一大批已彻底适应陆地生活的动物之后又放弃了好不容易得来的陆地生活,转而再次投奔海洋。

      来源于:剑雅9-Test1

      For many trees —­ evergreen conifers being an exception -the best strategy is to abandon photosynthesis until the spring.

      对于很多树来说——长青的松树是个例外——最好的策略是在春天来临之前放弃光合作用。

      来源于:剑雅10-Test3

      So, the nation that we now think of as one of the most technologically advanced entered the 19th century having 'abandoned the wheel'.

      因此,日本,这个我们今天公认的全世界科技最发达的国家之一,在进入19 世纪的时候,“放弃了车轮”。

      来源于:剑雅10-Test2

      He soon abandoned the subject, however, only returning to it some years later.

      然而,他很快放弃了这项研究,几年后才重新继续。

      来源于:剑雅5-Test2

      Unlike wind power, which Britain originally developed and then abandoned for 20 years allowing the Dutch to make it a major industry, undersea turbines could become a big export earner to island nations such as Japan and New Zealand.

      与之不同的是,通过向日本和新西兰这样的岛国出口,海洋涡轮能够给英国带来经济利益。

      来源于:剑雅9-Test3

      Over the past 40 years, most have abandoned their nomadic ways and settled in the territory's 28 isolated communities, but they still rely heavily on nature to provide food and clothing.

      在过去的 40 年里,绝大多数人放弃了他们游牧式的生活习惯并分别住在 28 个独立的社区里。他们依旧依赖自然提供食物和衣物。

      来源于:剑雅6-Test1
      展开更多
    • vt. 不得已舍弃;放弃

      展开
      简明例句

      He abandoned his car on the motorway.

      他把汽车丢弃在高速公路上。

      展开更多
      情景例句

      Embracing God did not mean we abandoned the old ways.

      信奉上帝并不意味着我们要放弃旧方式。

      来自《圣城风云 第1季第6集》

      图片源自网络

      展开更多
    • vt. 抛弃;遗弃;离弃

      展开
      简明例句

      He abandoned his family.

      他遗弃了家人。

      She abandoned herself to her fate with a kind of dedication.

      她有点执意要自暴自弃。

      展开更多
      雅思考试例句

      By custom, Pachacuti's descendants built other similar estates for their own use, and so Machu Picchu would have been abandoned after his death, some 50 years before the Spanish Conquest.

      按照惯例,帕查库蒂的后代建造了其他相似的庄园以供自己使用,因此在帕查库蒂去世后,马丘比丘就会被遗弃,这是在西班牙征服前50年的事情了。

      来源于:剑雅12-TEST6

      We now know that Vilcabamba actually lies 65 kilometres away in the depths of the jungle. One question that has perplexed visitors, historians and archaeologists alike ever since Bingham, is why the site seems to have been abandoned before the Spanish Conquest.

      我们现在知道比尔卡班巴实际上位于丛林深处65公里开外。​​​自从Bingham之后,一个令游客、历史学家和考古学家疑惑的问题是,为什么这个遗址看起来是被西班牙征服前就被遗弃的。

      来源于:剑雅12-TEST6
      展开更多
    • n. 放任;放纵

      展开
      简明例句

      They were smoking and drinking with abandon.

      他们肆意抽烟、喝酒。

      The surplus food was consumed with joyous abandon.

      剩余的食物被大家尽情地吃掉了。

      展开更多
    • vt. 弃船

    • vt. 陷入,沉湎于(某种情感)

    • n. 恣意地,放纵地

    • n. 恣意地,放纵地

    • n. 狂热

    • 动词短语
    • 固定搭配
      • with abandon

        恣意地,放纵地

      • abandon ship

        弃船

  • 同义词

    vt.正式放弃; 无拘无束;没有限制;放纵; (尤指通过正式声明)放弃,抛弃; 停止;中断;终止;

    反义词

    v. 限制;束缚;约束; 继续,延续;仍旧,连续; 保持;坚持;

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