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托福词汇

algae

TPO词频:28次
algae

['ældʒi]


【释义】

基本释义 n. [植] 藻类

常考释义 n.藻类

【变形】

复数:algas    复数:algae    

n. 藻类

【语块】

green algae

【TPO例句】

1. These unassignable animals include a large swimming predator called Anomalocaris and a soft-bodied animal called Wiwaxia, which ate detritus or algae. (TPO5-P3)

这些无法划分的动物包含一种叫做奇蝦的大型水生肉食动物和一种叫做威瓦亚虫的以岩屑和藻类为食的软体动物。

2. The fungi absorb moisture and mineral salts from the rocks, passing these on in waste products that nourish algae. (TPO9-P3)

真菌从岩石中吸收水分和矿物盐,并将这些作为代谢废物为海藻施肥。

3. The algae capture the sun's energy by photosynthesis and store it in organic molecules. (TPO9-P3)

海藻通过光合作用获取太阳的能量,并将它储存在有机的分子中。

4. Then fish eats the algae or eat other fish that have eaten those plants. (TPO10-L3)

鱼吃了这些海藻,或者吃了其它吃了海藻的鱼。

5. In a normal water phase, rivers eventually empty into oceans, and once in the oceans, the Phosphorus gets absorbed by water plants like algae. (TPO10-L3)

在正常的水阶段循环中,河水会最终倾泻到海洋,一旦进入海洋,磷就会被海藻之类的植物所吸收。

6. Almost universally, biologists accept the idea that all eukaryotes (a category that includes most organisms except bacteria and certain algae) have internal clocks. (TPO13-P2)

生物学家普遍认为,所有真核生物(包括除病毒和某些藻类之外的所有生物)都有内部的生物钟。

7. Eh… Like pebbles, fossilized algae? (TPO22-L2)

呃,比如鹅卵石,或者水藻化石?

8. Ancient fresh water green algae must have evolved features that enable them to withstand extremes of temperature and periods of dryness.(TPO25-P3)

古老的淡水绿藻必须进化出一些特征以保证它们能够对抗极端温度和干旱。

9. If so, the green algae would have been subjected to environmental pressures that resulted in adaptations that enhanced their potential to give rise to land-dwelling or organisms.(TPO25-P3)

如果事实如此的话,绿藻可能曾经受到环境的压力,产生了适应机制,即提高进化出陆生植物或其他有机体的可能性。

10. Today green algae live mainly in freshwater, suggesting that their early evolutionary history may have occurred in freshwater habitats. (TPO25-P3)

如今的绿藻大多生活在淡水水域中,这一点说明它们的早期进化史起源于淡水生境。

11. Again, the good storage and cell wall molecules of red and brown algae are different.(TPO25-P3)

同样的,红藻和褐藻在能量贮藏形式和细胞壁分子构成方面与之不同。

12. Green algae store food as starch, as do land plants and have cell walls made of cellulose, similar in composition to those of land plants. (TPO25-P3)

绿藻以淀粉的形式贮藏能量,这与陆生植物相同;绿藻具有由纤维素构成的细胞壁,这与那些陆生植物的组织结构相同。

13. This would not be true of red and brown algae. (TPO25-P3)

而红藻和褐藻则并非如此。

14. In addition, other lines of evidence support the hypothesis that land plants evolved from ancestral green algae used the same type of chlorophyll and accessory pigments in photosynthesis as do land plants. (TPO25-P3)

通过对比两者的DNA,得知绿藻是目前还存活的与植物亲缘关系最近的“近亲”。此外,其他一系列证据支持了这种假说,即陆生植物由原始绿藻进化而成,两者在进行光合作用时使用了相同类型的叶绿素和辅助色素。

15. This supposition stems from the close phylogenetic (natural evolutionary) relationship between the two groups. DNA comparisons have shown that green algae are plants’ closest living relatives. (TPO25-P3)

这个假说根植于两种物种很近的系统发育(自然进化论)的关系。

16. Of today’s different groups of algae, green algae are probably the most similar to ancestral plants. (TPO25-P3)

在今天的众多藻类中,绿藻可能与植物的祖先最为相似。

17. Since the disappearance of sea urchins from the waters up the coast of South Florida, many coral reefs there have been smothered by the uncontrolled growth of algae. (TPO27-L1)

由于在南佛罗里达海岸线海胆的消失,许多珊瑚礁已经被失控疯长的海藻给窒息了。

18. They eat algae and prevent it from overwhelming the coral. (TPO27-L1)

他们吃藻类并且防止藻类破坏珊瑚。

19. In contrast to other productivity in the ocean, which is confined to various species of algae and bacteria dependent on nutrient concentrations in the water column, seagrasses are rooted plants that absorb nutrients from the sediment or substrate. (TPO44-P3)

海洋中其他物种的产出率受到各种藻类和细菌的限制,而藻类和细菌又依赖于水体营养物质的浓度,但海草与其不同,海草是根系植物,可以从沉积物或海洋基底当中吸收养分。

20. These small fishes use their gill filaments to strain out the algae that dominate such areas. (TPO45-P3)

这些小鱼使用它们的鳃丝滤食他们生活区域内的藻类。

21. These filter-feeders thrive in the well-illuminated surface waters because oceans have so many very small organisms, from bacteria to large algae to larval crustaceans. (TPO45-P3)

在有可见光的海平面附近,滤食性动物非常繁盛,因为海洋有这么许多很小的生物,从细菌到大型藻类到甲壳类幼体。

22. However, in addition to corals there are enormous quantities of algae, some calcareous, which help to build the reefs. (TPO47-P3)

然而,除了珊瑚以外,还有大量的藻类、一些钙质都对珊瑚礁的形成有帮助。

23. They're actually kind of combination of some sort of fungus and some sort of algae that live together in a symbiotic relationship.(TPO49-L3)

他们实际上是某种真菌和一些藻类以共生关系生长在一起的混合体。

24. Well, apparently petroleum is usually made from simple, one-celled marine animals and plants, algae, for example.(TPO50-L4)

嗯,显然石油通常是来自于简单的单细胞海洋动植物,比如说藻类。

25. And the excess nitrogen once trapped by these cover crops either washed away in the next big rain or went down into the groundwater and either way eventually ended up in the streams and the bay, and that as we said means more algae in the water and less oxygen for the fish and other aquatic life to breathe.(TPO53-L2)

被覆盖作物存起来的大量的氮要么在下一场雨中被冲走要么流到地下水中,最终都会进入溪流和河湾。而这个,像我们刚说过的,意味着水中有更多的海藻和更少的氧气供鱼和其他水生生物呼吸。 

26. And there they stimulate the explosive growth of algae and that uses up much of the oxygen in the water, oxygen that fish and other aquatic organisms need to stay alive. (TPO53-L2)

在水流中他们激发了海藻的爆发式生长,这消耗了水中大量的氧气,这些氧气是鱼和其它水生有机物存活所必需的。