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rough

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rough

粗糙的

[rʌf]
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  • 托福
  • 雅思
  • Official词频:15 核心词

    rough

    常考释义

    • adj.粗糙的;毛糙的
    变形词
    • 过去式 roughed
    • 过去分词 roughed
    • 最高比较级 roughest
    • 现在分词 roughing
    • 第三人称单数 roughs
单词详解
  • 英汉双解
  • 词组搭配
  • 同反义词
    • adj. 危险的;充斥暴力的;犯罪率高的

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      简明例句

      Since they had relatively shallow hulls, they were unstable when driven by sail or when on rough water: hence they were unsuitable for the voyage to the East.

      由于船体相对较浅,靠帆航行或是在危险的海面上航行时很难保持稳定,因此它们不适合在去往东方的航线上航行。

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    • adj. 大约的;不精确的;大概的;粗略的;初步的;草拟的;概略的;不详细的

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      简明例句

      We can only give rough estimates.

      我们只能进行粗略的估算。

      We made a rough calculation of the size of the dump.

      我们大概地计算了一下废物堆的大小。

      The prices we quote are only a rough guide.

      我们的报价只是个大概的参考。

      We'd worked out a rough plan of campaign.

      我们已制订了初步的作战方案。

      I've got a rough idea of what he looks like.

      我大概知道他长什么样子了。

      As a rough guide, an apple has around two grammes of fibre.

      作为大致的参考,一个苹果约含有两克纤维。

      The Russian visitor gave a rough outline of the proposals.

      这名俄罗斯访问者对提案进行了大致介绍。

      The rough sketch showed the position of the buildings.

      这张草图标示了这些建筑物的位置。

      It often helps to make a rough sketch.

      画草图往往会有帮助。

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    • adj. 粗糙的;毛糙的;不光滑的

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      简明例句

      My hands are rough.

      我的手很粗糙。

      He felt the rough surface of the rock cutting into his knees.

      他感觉岩石粗糙的表面硌到了自己的膝盖。

      She pulled a couple of rough brown paper towels out of the dispenser.

      她从纸巾盒里抽出几张粗糙的棕色纸巾。

      The surgeon shaved off the rough edges through keyhole surgery.

      外科医生通过锁孔手术刮除了边缘上的凸起。

      Rough Weather Blues has welcome rough edges.

      《暴风雨蓝调》这张专辑中的几处小缺憾无伤大雅。

      There are rough edges to be smoothed out.

      有一些瑕疵需要弥补。

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    • adj. 不公正的;不公平的

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      简明例句

      The teacher made her do the whole thing again, which was a bit rough.

      老师让她整个重做一遍,这有欠公允。

      It's rough if you live in a small village and they close the post office down.

      如果你住在一个小村子里,而那里的邮局又关门了的话,那真是岂有此理。

      He got a rough deal in the divorce settlement.

      这份离婚协议对他不公平。

      England have had a rough deal from referees in this tournament.

      英格兰队在本届大赛中受到了裁判不公正的判罚。

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    • adj. 不平稳的;不正常的

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      简明例句

      The 1.9-litre diesel engine was a bit rough.

      这种1.9升的柴油发动机性能有点不稳定。

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    • adj. 尖锐的;严厉的

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      简明例句

      A further exchange of rough words is on the way.

      新一轮的唇枪舌剑就要开始了。

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    • adj. 涩的;味道差的

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      简明例句

      The cider is a bit rough and incredibly strong.

      这种苹果酒有点涩,而且度数极高。

      I took a sip of the red wine, so rough it made me shudder.

      我尝了一小口红葡萄酒,那味道涩得让我直哆嗦。

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    • adj. 狂暴的;恶劣的;汹涌的

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      简明例句

      Looks as if we're in for some rough weather.

      看起来我们好像是注定会遇上恶劣天气的。

      The weather was fine, but the water was rough.

      天气还不错,但是水面波涛汹涌。

      They collided in rough seas.

      他们在惊涛骇浪中相撞了。

      The sea is too rough to cross today.

      今天风浪太大,无法渡海。

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    • adj. 生病的;身体不适的<非正式,英>

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      简明例句

      He is still feeling a bit rough.

      他还是感到有点不舒服。

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    • adj. 简陋的;粗制的

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      简明例句

      She sat down at the rough pine table.

      她在那张粗陋的松木桌子旁坐下。

      He had constructed a rough shelter of mesquite branches.

      他用牧豆树枝条搭了个简陋的窝棚。

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    • adj. 粗哑的;刺耳的

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      简明例句

      He let out a rough sound.

      他发出刺耳的声音。

      Her voice was rough and loud like a man's.

      她的嗓音粗哑,嗓门又大,像男人的声音。

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    • adj. 粗糙的;不精致的;不精美的

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      简明例句

      Sand lightly to disguise any rough workmanship.

      用砂纸稍稍打磨,掩盖一下做工不精细之处。

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    • adj. 粗鲁的;粗暴的;粗野的

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      简明例句

      I grabbed her by the shoulders. Maybe I was too rough.

      我一把抓住了她的肩膀。或许是我太粗暴了些。

      They have complained of rough treatment.

      他们抱怨受到了粗暴无礼的对待。

      Gallart was warned in the first half for rough play.

      加拉特因为上半场动作粗野而被警告。

      Rugby's a rough sport.

      橄榄球是一项粗野运动。

      He's too rough with the girls.

      他对女孩们太粗暴了。

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    • adj. 艰难的;艰苦的;不愉快的<非正式>

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      简明例句

      They have had a rough life.

      他们经历过一段苦日子。

      It's going to be a rough day for me.

      今天对于我来说会很难熬。

      It has been a rough couple of weeks.

      最近几周真不好过。

      Joe and I are going through a bit of a rough patch at the moment.

      现在我和乔的关系有点紧张。

      Their marriage was going through a rough patch.

      当时他们的婚姻出了问题。

      Nick had a rough time at home.

      尼克在家吃了不少苦。

      She has had a rough time of it recently.

      她最近的日子不好过。

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    • adj. 蓬乱的;毛茸茸的

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      简明例句

      The Cardiganshire corgi has a short, rough coat.

      卡迪根柯基犬长着蓬乱的短毛。

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    • adj. 费体力的;粗重的

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      简明例句

      Fishing is a rough job.

      捕鱼是个体力活。

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    • adj. 高低不平的;崎岖的

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      简明例句

      They had to scramble down the rough uneven path.

      他们只好磕磕绊绊地沿着这条崎岖不平的小路走下去。

      Grace made her way slowly across the rough ground.

      格雷丝缓慢地走过崎岖难行的路面。

      The car is bouncing over rough terrain.

      汽车在高低不平的路面上颠簸而行。

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    • n. 粗野的人;恶棍;流氓

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      简明例句

      Fabian was threatened by three roughs.

      法比安受到三个暴徒的威胁。

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    • n. 素描;速写;草图

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      简明例句

      Sometimes he took a sketchbook and did roughs for future landscapes.

      有时他带着速写簿,在上面画几张风景画草稿。

      I'm supposed to present roughs in just over a week.

      我得在短短一周之后把草图交上去。

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    • n. 高低不平之地

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      简明例句

      Boys will love playing in the rough with Tyco R/C Terrain Twister.

      男孩子们会喜欢在崎岖不平的地面上玩“泰克陆地旋风”遥控越野车的。

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    • adv. 在野外;无遮蔽地

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      简明例句

      He looked like he'd been living rough for the last few days.

      他看起来就像最近几天都是风餐露宿似的。

      She sometimes lived rough on the streets of London.

      她有时在伦敦的街头风餐露宿。

      He slept rough out on the heath.

      他睡在灌木丛生的荒野上。

      These are kids who have slept rough.

      这些孩子曾经露宿街头。

      It makes me sad when I see young people sleeping rough on the streets.

      看到年轻人在街头露宿让我感到难过。

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    • adj. 不好的;不佳的<非正式,澳>

    • adj. 未经雕琢的;未加工好的

    • adj. 荒地的;荒原的

    • adj. 送气的;有h音的【语言】

    • n. (球拍的)粗面【网,羽】

    • vt. 使不平;使毛糙

    • 固定搭配
      • rough terrain

        不平地形,地形条件恶劣地区

      • rough sketch

        草图

  • 同义词

    n.不公正的;不公平的; 困难的;费力的;难做的;难解的; 粗鲁的;粗野的;愚钝的; 恶棍;暴徒;(尤指)罪犯;

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