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describe

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de scrib e
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biodegradable = bio(生物) + de(向下) + grad(级别) + able(能…的) = 生物上可以向下降级的→可生物降解的

decline = de(向下) + clin(倾斜) + e(名词后缀) = 向下倾斜→减少;下降

+

prescrib = pre(预先) + scrib(写) = 预先写下来→规定

scribe = scrib(写) + e(名词后缀) = 抄写员

+ /

写下→描述

[dɪ'skraɪb]
考点解读
  • 托福
  • 雅思
  • TPO词频:60 核心词

    describe

    常考释义

    • v.描述;描写
    变形词
    • 过去式 described
    • 过去分词 described
    • 第三人称单数 describes
    • 现在分词 describing
    托福常考例句

    I like how Neruda took things like fruit and vegetables and socks, and use metaphors and similes to describe them as these wonderful mysterious things, like in "The Lemon".

    我喜欢聂鲁达将水果、蔬菜和袜子一类的东西当作描写对象的方式,并使用隐喻和明喻来将它们描写成奇妙而神秘的东西,就像在《柠檬》一诗中所描述的那样。

    来源于:听力TPO52 C1
单词详解
  • 英汉双解
  • 同反义词
    • v. 把…说成;把…称为;认为

      展开
      简明例句

      He described it as an extraordinarily tangled and complicated tale.

      他说那是一个非常曲折复杂的故事。

      展开更多
      情景例句

      For what can only be described as a whirlwind romance.

      我们的故事可以被称作旋风爱情史了。

      来自《一天》

      图片源自网络

      展开更多
      托福考试例句

      They describe the initial understanding in the teachers with whom they were working as being “utilitarian … and not rich or detailed enough to drive systematic reflection.”

      他们起初认为参与研究的教师们太功利,并不是足够丰富和详细以促使系统反思的产生。

      来源于:阅读TPO9 P2
      展开更多
    • v. 描述;描写;形容;叙述

      展开
      简明例句

      We asked her to describe what kind of things she did in her spare time...

      我们请她描述一下她业余时间都在做什么。

      展开更多
      情景例句

      Okay, Max. How would you describe our apartment?

      麦克斯,你会怎么描述我们的公寓?

      来自《打工姐妹花 第4季第6集》

      图片源自网络

      展开更多
      托福考试例句

      I like how Neruda took things like fruit and vegetables and socks, and use metaphors and similes to describe them as these wonderful mysterious things, like in "The Lemon".

      我喜欢聂鲁达将水果、蔬菜和袜子一类的东西当作描写对象的方式,并使用隐喻和明喻来将它们描写成奇妙而神秘的东西,就像在《柠檬》一诗中所描述的那样。

      来源于:听力TPO52 L1

      And by further best aspect of the Linnaeus system, is the general use of binomial nomenclature, having just two names to describe any living organism.

      至今为止,林奈的分类系统最好的一点是,他普遍使用了双名法,也就是只使用两个名字来命名任何一种生物。

      来源于:听力TPO50 L3

      Now, I am kind of confused about it, because the book used that definition to describe mutualism.

      现在,我很困惑,因为这本书用这个定义来描述互惠。

      来源于:听力TPO48 L5

      You know, describe the film?

      不及时描述下电影吗?

      来源于:听力TPO47 L4

      Maybe I could ask her to come to class and describe what she does and then have everyone rewrite their reviews.

      也许我会邀请她来讲课,让她描述下她所做的工作,然后每个人再重新写影评。

      来源于:听力TPO47 L4

      Now, there are other ways we can describe mixtures.

      现在,还有其他方法来描述混合物。

      来源于:听力TPO45 L5

      Over the last few decades, the term El Nifio has come to be used to describe these exceptionally strong episodes and not the annual event.

      在过去的几十年里,厄尔尼诺一词已经被用来描述这些异常强烈的事件,而不是一年一度的普遍现象。

      来源于:阅读TPO43 P3

      The next part of your paper, the actual formal analysis, would be the longest and most important section of your paper, where you describe and analyze individual design elements.

      接下来,真正的分析部分将是你论文最长最重要的部分,在这一部分你要描述和分析个体的设计元素。

      来源于:听力TPO40 L2

      For this portion of the paper, you are going to rely on the notes you took at the museum because you should be able to describe in detail the design elements the artist uses and how they are used.

      在这一部分,你将依赖你在博物馆做的笔记因为你必须描述作者设计元素的细节以及它们是如何被采用的。

      来源于:听力TPO40 L2

      Then describe things in the order in which your eye moves around the work.

      然后按照你眼睛移动的顺序描述。

      来源于:听力TPO40 L2

      Ah…and interestingly enough, there was another source that didn’t describe classical gardens but still became a great influence on Renaissance gardens.

      有趣的是,另外还有一个原始资料,它并没有描绘古典园林,但是仍然对文艺复兴庭院产生了很大的影响。

      来源于:听力TPO33 L6

      Well it’s pretty common for writers to generalize, say use a term like hydroponics to describe other types of agriculture.

      对于作者们来说,用水培法之类的术语去描述其他类型的农业是很普遍的。

      来源于:听力TPO27 L4

      So I guess then that all historians might not describe chinampas in quite the same way either.

      那么,我猜所有的历史学家们可能也不会用同一种方式来描述chinampas。

      来源于:听力TPO27 L4

      And they could precisely describe the location of the star by indicating its position in one of those imaginary boxes.

      他们可以通过在这些想象区域里面指示某一行星的位置来精确地描述某一星星所处的方位。

      来源于:听力TPO14 L5

      If one focuses on the wet months, one calls the Maya homeland a "seasonal tropical forest"; if one focuses on the dry months, one could instead describe it as a "seasonal desert.

      如果着眼于雨季,可以说玛雅遗址位于“热带季雨林”,如果着眼于旱季,那玛雅遗址就可以被称之为“季节性沙漠”了。

      来源于:阅读TPO14 P2

      And now they were called songs of deeds because, strangely enough, they were written to describe the heroic deeds or actions of warriors, the knights during conflicts.

      现在,他们被称为事迹的歌曲,因为奇怪的是,它们是写来描述冲突期间的英雄事迹和战士的行动,冲突期间的骑士。

      来源于:听力TPO13 L5

      And of course, you'll have to revise the introduction too, to accurately describe what you do in the body of the paper.

      而且当然,你要重写前言部分,来准确地描述你论文的主体。

      来源于:听力TPO12 L1

      So with that in mind, I want to describe a very simple method of researching customer preference and it’s becoming increasingly common.

      那么,关于这个概念,我想要描述一个非常简单的关于受众喜好的调查方法,而且这个方法越来越普遍,

      来源于:听力TPO12 L3

      Educators T. Wildman and J. Niles describe a scheme for developing reflective practice in experienced teachers.

      教育家T • 怀尔德曼和J. •奈尔斯(描述了一个在资深教师中开展反思实践的方案。

      来源于:阅读TPO9 P2

      You know, like nouns, to name the type of predator they spotted, adjectives to describe its size and shape, verbs..., but now it seems like...

      你知道,像名字,说出它们发现的捕猎者的类型,描述大小和外形的形容词,动词等……但现在似乎……

      来源于:听力TPO9 L6

      Prairie dogs may be able to tell you about a hawk that’s circling overhead right now, but they never show any inclination to describe the one they saw last week.

      草原犬鼠也许能够跟你说你的上空有一只老鹰正在盘旋,但是他们从来没有能够描述上周看到的东西。

      来源于:听力TPO9 L6

      Now can anyone here describe a birch tree?

      有没有人能描述一下白桦树?

      来源于:听力TPO7 L5

      Through hearing stories with a clear beginning, middle, and ending children may learn to extract the gist of events in ways that they will be able to describe many years later.

      听故事的时候有个清晰的开头、情节和结尾会帮助孩子们提取事件的要点,并且使他们在过了很多年以后仍然可以描述这些事情。

      来源于:阅读TPO6 P3

      While a person could describe his thoughts, no one else can see or hear them to verify the accuracy of his report.

      当一个人进行心里描述时,没人见,无人听,也没人验证其报道的精确性.

      来源于:听力TPO2 L2

      In seeking to describe the origins of theater, one must rely primarily on speculation, since there is little concrete evidence on which to draw.

      由于几乎没有具体材料可供研究,探寻戏剧的起源只能凭推测。

      来源于:阅读TPO1 P2

      Groundwater is the word used to describe water that saturates the ground, filling all the available spaces.

      地下水是指渗入到地下并将所有岩石孔隙填满的水。

      来源于:阅读TPO1 P1

      So now how would you describe the Eastern marmots’ social habits?

      那么,你们如何描述东部土拔鼠的社会习性?

      来源于:听力TPO1 L6

      Um, I'll start off by describing a case of mutualism that involves a certain butterfly species found in South Africa and Australia.

      嗯,我先从描述一个涉及在南非和澳大利亚发现的某种蝴蝶物种的互惠的情况开始。

      来源于:听力TPO48 L5

      You've given an analysis of the poem by describing and analyzing its form and meter.

      你通过描述和分析诗歌的形式和韵律来分析诗歌。

      来源于:听力TPO40 L2

      He describes a lemon falling to Earth from the stars, and he compares a slice of lemon to a stained glass window.

      他描写了一颗从星星坠落到地球上的柠檬,并将柠檬片与彩色的玻璃窗作对比。

      来源于:听力TPO52 L1

      In the mid fifteen hundreds, he wrote a book called Lives of the Most Eminent Painters, Sculptors and Architects in which he describes, among many other things, the features of the Mona Lisa, including her famous smile.

      在十六世纪中期,他写了一本叫做最出色的意大利画家、雕刻家和建筑师的书,在这本书里他描写了很多东西,包括蒙娜莉萨和她神秘的微笑。

      来源于:听力TPO37 L5

      Definitely. So, at one point, you see Hippolytus being sent off by his father, then a little later, a messenger arrives and describes how Hippolytus was riding in his chariot when a giant bull appeared out of the ocean, and caused the chariot to crash, and then, after we hear what happened to Hippolytus, he's carried back on stage where he dies.

      我确实很喜欢。呃,剧中有这样一个情节,Hippolytus被他的父亲赶走了,之后,一名信使出现在舞台上,描述Hippolytus的马车是如何被一头突然出现在海洋中的大公牛撞碎的。当我们观众听到这些描述后,Hippolytus被抬回到了舞台上,后来他死掉了。

      来源于:听力TPO44 L3

      Uh, but the romance poetry describes a lot of the inner feelings, the, uh, motivations, psychology, you could say, of a knight trying to improve himself, to better himself so that he’s worthy of the love of a woman.

      但爱情诗描述了很多的内心情感,动机,可以说是骑士努力提高自己,完善自己,以使他成为值得一个女人的爱的动机。

      来源于:听力TPO13 L5

      The term fossil describes water that has been present for several thousand years.

      用“化石”来形容水,这就意味着这些水已经存在了千年之久。

      来源于:阅读TPO12 P3

      Now, MBWA, that’s not the most technical sounding name you have ever heard, but it describes the process pretty accurately.

      那么⋯⋯MBWA,可能对你来说,它听上去技术性不是很强,但它其实比较准确地形容了整个过程。

      来源于:听力TPO12 L3

      Ah, it's just a term that describes this situation, when people in the group seek to get the benefits of being in a group without contributing to the work.

      啊,就是指一组人在没有给组里做出贡献的情况下还想得到好处的情况。

      来源于:听力TPO4 L4

      Characters in the events were described without the narrator passing much judgment on them or anything or being too dramatic.

      作者在描述故事中的人物角色的时候并没有施加很多的评价,也没有施加别的任何东西,同样也没有故意描述得太过戏剧性。

      来源于:听力TPO50 L5

      The butterfly effect is a hallmark of chaotic systems.Simple systems are described by linear equations in which, for example,increasing a cause pro­duces a proportional increase in an effect. In contrast,chaotic systems are described by nonlinear equations, which allow for subtlerand more intricate interactions. For example, the economy is nonlinear becausea rise in interest rates does not automatically produce a corresponding changein consumer spending. Weather is nonlinear because a change in the wind speedin one location does not automatically produce a corresponding change inanother location. Many (but not all) nonlinear systems exhibit chaoticbehavior.

      蝴蝶效应是混沌系统的一个标志。简单的系统可以用线性方程组来描述,在一个线性方程式中,比如说增加变量的会使结果呈比例地增加。而相反,混沌系统是用非线性方程组来描述的,在非线性方程式中存在着更微妙、更复杂的关联。例如,经济是非线性的,因为利率的上升不会自动造成消费支出发生相应的变化。天气是非线性的,因为一个地点风速的变化不会自动造成在另一个地点也发生相应的变化。许多(但不是全部)非线性系统表现出混沌行为。

      来源于:阅读托福【阶段测试-4】-2017服务一体化 P2

      Renowned Swiss entomologist Martin Luscher described the mounds of this fungus-growing species as being as much as 16 feet tall, 16 feet in diameter at their base, and with a cement-like wall of soil mixed with termite saliva that is from 16 to 23 inches thick.

      著名的瑞士昆虫学家马丁·吕舍尔将这些以真菌为食的白蚁建造的土丘描述为:高16英尺,底部直径16英尺,白蚁用自己的唾液和泥土混合成一种类似水泥的材料,建起16到23英寸厚的土壁。

      来源于:阅读TPO47 P2

      Aristotle also experimented with it in the fourth century B.C., and Leonardo da Vinci described it in his notebooks in 1490.

      公元前四世纪,亚里士多德曾进行相关实验;1490年,列奥纳多•达芬奇也曾在他的笔记本中描述了这一现象。

      来源于:阅读TPO44 P2

      However, in other years the Southern Oscillation, for unknown reasons, swings in the opposite direction, dramatically changing the usual conditions described above, with pressure increasing in the western Pacific and decreasing in the eastern Pacific.

      然而,在其他年份,南方涛动不知道是因为什么原因,朝相反的方向波动,使得西太平洋气压增加,东太平洋气压减小,极大地改变了前面所说的通常情况。

      来源于:阅读TPO43 P3

      Amphibians are therefore hardly at mercy of ambient temperature, since by means of the mechanisms described above they are more than exercise some control over their body temperature.

      因此,两栖类动物是很难受环境温度影响的,因为通过上述机制它们会控制自身的体温。

      来源于:阅读TPO40 P3

      Uh, Hawaiian music was based on the steel guitar I just described.

      夏威夷音乐用的是我之前说过的钢弦吉他。

      来源于:听力TPO30 L6

      The existence of competition has been long known to naturalists; its effects were described by Darwin in considerable detail.

      竞争的存在已为生物学家们所熟知,其结果也已被达尔文详尽叙述过。

      来源于:阅读TPO29 P2

      This was described by Darwin for indigenous New Zealand species of animals and plants, which died out when competing species from Europe were introduced.

      达尔文在描述新西兰本土动植物物种在与引进的欧洲物种的竞争中灭绝时讲到该情况。

      来源于:阅读TPO29 P2

      Once humans possessed such a mind, they were able to find an imaginative solution to a situation of severe economic crisis such as the farming dilemma described earlier.

      一旦人类拥有了这样的思维,他们就可以找到创造性方法来解决严重的经济危机,例如先前所述的农业困境。

      来源于:阅读TPO21 P2

      It may be that the developments just described are intertwined with and influence one another.

      可能上面描述的各种发育之间会相互交织并且相互影响。

      来源于:阅读TPO21 P3

      Additional support came in 1885 when eka-silicon, which had also been described in advance by Mendeleyev, was discovered and named germanium.

      还有一个例证,1885年发现“硅下元素”,同样为门捷列夫所预测,后来命名为锗。

      来源于:阅读TPO16 P2

      Remember? That chemical reaction I described earlier.

      记得之前讲过的化学作用吧?

      来源于:听力TPO15 L6

      The teachers in the program described how they found it difficult to put aside the immediate demands of others in order to give themselves the time they needed to develop their reflective skills.

      项目中的教师们抱怨说让他们放弃别人当时的要求而为自己腾出时间去提升自己的反思能力是很困难的。

      来源于:阅读TPO9 P2

      See, I’ve never had a linguistics class before, so I was sort of, I mean, I was looking over the course description and a lot of the stuff you described there.

      是这样的,我以前从没有上过语言学的课,我有点,我是说,我仔细的看了这个课程描述还有您描述的很多东西,

      来源于:听力TPO6 L4

      Nitrogen-deficient plants exhibit many of the symptoms just described.

      氮缺乏植物表现出了刚才描述的许多症状。

      来源于:阅读TPO5 P1

      Ask people to do something such as I've just described: think of something on their left; think of something on their right.

      让人们按照我这样的描述去做:想想在你左边的东西;想想在你右边的东西。

      来源于:听力TPO2 L2
      展开更多
    • v. 描画,画出(图形);形成…的形状

      展开
      简明例句

      His pass described a perfect arc through the leaden sky.

      他的传球在阴沉的天空中划出了一道完美的弧线。

      展开更多
  • 同义词

    vt.详细叙述;描述<正式>; 画出(或勾画出)…的轮廓,描绘出…的外廓,描出…的外形;

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