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托福tpo52听力conversation1 Explication of Pablo Neruda’s Poem 原文解析+翻译音频

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[00:00.00]Listen to a conversation between a student and his creative writing professor. 
[00:07.00]Professor: John, listen. I can clearly see that you put a lot of time into your response paper.
[00:12.25]John: I did! It took me forever. [00:14.20]I rewrote it a dozen times.
[00:16.03]Professor: And your hard work shows. [00:18.20]Unfortunately, it’s a week late.
[00:20.83]John: I know. Sorry. [00:22.70]I just got a little behind, you know, sports and homework. [00:26.10]But I’m on top of things now.
[00:27.70]Professor: Glad to hear it![00:29.10] Now, as for our meeting today, I’d like to talk to all of my creative writing students one on one at least once during the term and see how they’re doing.
[00:37.20] John: I think I’m doing OK. Busy, you know, but other than that…
[00:41.10] Professor: Well, I found through the years that some of my assignments can be pretty tough for first year students like yourself, like the response paper you just did, the explication of a Pablo Neruda poem. [00:52.00] Emm…by the way, why did you choose "The Lemon"? [00:55.00]It’s an unusual choice.  
[00:57.60]John: It was my favorite in the book of Neruda’s poems. [01:00.20]All the poems are about everyday objects and, you know, simple pleasures.
[01:04.20]Professor: Right, Elemental Odes, one of my favorites.
[01:07.30]John: I like how Neruda took things like fruit and vegetables and socks, and use metaphors and similes to describe them as these wonderful mysterious things, like in“The Lemon". [01:17.80]He describes a lemon falling to Earth from the stars, and he compares a slice of lemon to a stained glass window. [01:24.40]It’s so original!
[01:25.70]Professor: Beautiful images, aren’t they? [01:27.70]Neruda didn’t win the Nobel Prize for literature by accident.
[01:31.15]John: No, he didn’t. 
[01:32.70]Professor: Now, as you know, the paper was only the first half of the assignment, and I’m concerned about your ability to complete the second part on time, considering how much time the first part took you.  
[01:43.70]John: Actually, I finished it just before I came here.
[01:47.00]Professor: Excellent!
[01:48.40]John: It was tricky, too. [01:49.70]You know, having to write a poem inspired by "The Lemon", but in a completely different style.
[01:54.70]Professor: Right!
[01:55.70]John: In order to do that, I really had to study Neruda’s style and read a lot of his stuff, which was great, but "The Lemon" is free verse. [02:04.10]So to do the assignment, I decided to use a strict meter - iambic pentameter, to be as different as possible.  
[02:11.10]Professor: So each line of your poem has ten syllables and every other syllable is stressed. [02:17.05]Interesting choice! [02:18.40]Iambic pentameter is certainly different from free verse.  
[02:21.50]John: It was hard for me though, because usually when I write a poem, I choose my own topic, and I just write. [02:27.83]I don’t worry about counting syllables or anything. [02:30.60]So, I’m kind of hoping we won’t have more assignments like this?
[02:34.60]Professor: Sorry to disappoint you, but these assignments are designed to get you out of your comfort zone, to get you reading and writing a wide variety of poetic styles. 

1.What do the speakers mainly discuss?

你的答案:
正确答案:C
题目解析:
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此题原文中出处是: “Professor: Now, as you know, the paper was only the first half of the assignment, and I’m concerned about your ability to complete the second part on time, considering how much time the first part took you. ” 本题为内容主旨题。教授的这句话起到了承上启下的作用,将对话的结构一分为二。上半部分的对话是在讨论学生作业的第一个部分:关于聂鲁达《柠檬》一诗的读书笔记;而下半部分的对话讨论的是学生作业的第二个部分:从《柠檬》中获得灵感,写一首与之不同的诗歌。整个对话都是围绕着学生作业的这两个部分展开,故综合全文来看,C选项正确。 A选项错误,因为对话中没有提到教授挑战、质疑她的学生。 B选项错误,虽然学生的作业晚交了一星期,但这不是对话的重点。 D选项错误,因为文章只在前半部分讨论聂鲁达诗歌与众不同的风格,但这同样也不是文章的重点。

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