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托福official52听力conversation1 Explication of Pablo Neruda’s Poem 原文解析+翻译音频

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[00:00.00]NARRATOR: Listen to a conversation between a student and his creative writing professor.[00:07.00]FEMALE PROFESSOR: John, listen, I can clearly see that you put a lot of time into your response paper...[00:12.25]MALE STUDENT: I did! It took me forever. [00:14.20]I rewrote it a dozen times.[00:16.03]FEMALE PROFESSOR: And your hard work shows.[00:18.20] Unfortunately…it’s a week late.[00:20.83]MALE STUDENT: I know, sorry. [00:22.70] I just got a little behind—y’know, sports and homework…[00:26.10] But I’m on top of things now.
[00:27.70]FEMALE PROFESSOR: Glad to hear it. [00:29.10] Now, as for our meeting today… I like to talk to all of my creative writing students one-on-one at least once during the term and see how they’re doing.
[00:37.20]MALE STUDENT: I think I’m doing OK. Busy, you know, but other than that…[00:41.10]FEMALE PROFESSOR: Well, I’ve found through the years that some of my assignments can be pretty tough for first year students like yourself. Like the response paper you just did—the explication of a Pablo Neruda poem. [00:52.00] Uh, by the way, why did you choose “The Lemon”? [00:55.00] It’s an… unusual choice.[00:57.60]MALE STUDENT: It was my favorite in a book of Neruda’s poems. [01:00.20]All the poems are about everyday objects and, y’know, simple pleasures.[01:04.20]FEMALE PROFESSOR: Right. Elemental Odes. One of my favorites.
[01:07.30]MALE STUDENT: I liked how Neruda took things like fruit and vegetables and... socks... and used metaphors and similes to describe them as these wonderful, mysterious things. Like in “The Lemon,” [01:17.80]he describes a lemon falling to Earth from the stars! And he compares a slice of lemon to a stained-glass window. [01:24.40]It’s so original.[01:25.70]FEMALE PROFESSOR: Beautiful images, aren’t they? [01:27.70]Neruda didn’t win the Nobel Prize for literature by accident.
[01:31.15]MALE STUDENT: No, he didn’t.
[01:32.70]FEMALE PROFESSOR: Now, as you know, the paper was only the first half of the assignment… and I’m concerned about your ability to complete the second part on time considering how much time the first part took you.[01:43.70]MALE STUDENT: Actually,.. I finished it just before I came here.[01:47.00]FEMALE PROFESSOR: Excellent![01:48.40]MALE STUDENT: It was tricky, too—[01:49.70]you know, having to write a poem inspired by “The Lemon”—but in a completely different style.
[01:54.70]FEMALE PROFESSOR: Right.[01:55.70]MALE STUDENT: In order to do that, I really had to study Neruda’s style and read a lot of his stuff—which was great. But... “The Lemon” is free verse. [02:04.10]So to do the assignment, I decided to use a strict meter—iambic pentameter —to be as different as possible.[02:11.10]FEMALE PROFESSOR: So each line of your poem has ten syllables, and every other syllable is stressed…[02:17.05]Interesting choice. [02:18.40] Iambic pentameter is certainly different from free verse! [02:21.50]MALE STUDENT: It was hard for me, though, because usually when I write a poem, I choose my own topic and—I just write, [02:27.83] I don’t worry about counting syllables or anything. [02:30.60]So... I’m kinda hoping we won’t have more assignments like this.
[02:34.60]FEMALE PROFESSOR: Sorry to disappoint you, but these assignments are designed to get you out of your comfort zone…to get you reading and writing a wide variety of poetic styles.

1.What do the speakers mainly discuss?

你的答案:
正确答案:C
题目解析:
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此题原文中出处是: “Professor: Now, as you know, the paper was only the first half of the assignment, and I’m concerned about your ability to complete the second part on time, considering how much time the first part took you. ” 本题为内容主旨题。教授的这句话起到了承上启下的作用,将对话的结构一分为二。上半部分的对话是在讨论学生作业的第一个部分:关于聂鲁达《柠檬》一诗的读书笔记;而下半部分的对话讨论的是学生作业的第二个部分:从《柠檬》中获得灵感,写一首与之不同的诗歌。整个对话都是围绕着学生作业的这两个部分展开,故综合全文来看,C选项正确。 A选项错误,因为对话中没有提到教授挑战、质疑她的学生。 B选项错误,虽然学生的作业晚交了一星期,但这不是对话的重点。 D选项错误,因为文章只在前半部分讨论聂鲁达诗歌与众不同的风格,但这同样也不是文章的重点。

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